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network.cc

/* $Id: network.cc,v 1.42 2003/11/15 03:17:58 bergo Exp $ */

/*

    eboard - chess client
    http://eboard.sourceforge.net
    Copyright (C) 2000-2003 Felipe Paulo Guazzi Bergo
    bergo@seul.org

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

*/



#include <iostream>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include "network.h"
#include "global.h"
#include "status.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "eboard.h"

// ===================================================================
// PROCESS CONTROL
// ===================================================================

Parent::Parent(PidIssuer *a,int b) {
  issuer=a; pid=b;
}

int Parent::operator==(int v) {
  return(pid==v);
}

void PidRing::add(PidIssuer *po, int pid) {
  parents.push_back(new Parent(po,pid));
}

void PidRing::remove(PidIssuer *po) {
  list<Parent *>::iterator i;
  Parent *x;

  for(i=parents.begin();i!=parents.end();i++)
    if ( (*i)->issuer == po ) {
       x = *i;
      parents.erase(i);
      delete(x);
      return;
    }
}

void PidRing::funeral(int pid) {
  list<Parent *>::iterator i;

  for(i=parents.begin();i!=parents.end();i++)
    if ( (**i) == pid ) {
      (*i)->issuer->farewellPid(pid);
      i=parents.begin();
    }
}

PidRing netring;

static pid_t last_dead_pid = 0;

void PidRing::ZombieNotification(int pid) {
  funeral(pid);
  last_dead_pid = pid; // for use in PipeConnection::open()
}

// ===================================================================
// NET
// ===================================================================

NetConnection::NetConnection() {
  strcpy(HostName,"abstract");
  strcpy(HostAddress,"abstract");
  TimeGuard=0;
  TagRead=-1;
  listener = NULL;
}

int NetConnection::isConnected() {
  return 0;
}

NetConnection::~NetConnection() {
  notifyReadReady(NULL);
}

void NetConnection::notifyReadReady(IONotificationInterface *target) {
  if (TagRead>=0)
    gdk_input_remove(TagRead);
  TagRead = -1;
  listener = NULL;
  if (target != NULL) {
    listener = target;
    TagRead = gdk_input_add(getReadHandle(), GDK_INPUT_READ, 
                      (GdkInputFunction) netconn_read_notify,
                      (gpointer) this );
  }
}

void netconn_read_notify(gpointer data, gint source, 
                   GdkInputCondition cond) {
  NetConnection *me = (NetConnection *) data;
  if (me->listener != NULL)
    me->listener->readAvailable(source);
}

void NetConnection::sendReadNotify() {
  if (listener != NULL)
    listener->readAvailable(getReadHandle());
}

int  NetConnection::hasTimeGuard() {
  return TimeGuard;
}

// ===================================================================
// BUFFERED
// ===================================================================

int BufferedConnection::readPartial(char *tbuffer,int limit) {
  if (buffer.empty()) return -1;
  int i;
  memset(tbuffer,0,limit);
  for(i=0;!buffer.empty();) {
    if (buffer.front()>=32)
      tbuffer[i++]=buffer.front();
    buffer.pop_front();
  }
  return 0;  
}

int BufferedConnection::bufferMatch(char *match) {
  char dump[512];
  list<char>::iterator li;
  int i;
  if (buffer.empty()) return 0;  
  memset(dump,0,512);
  for(i=0,li=buffer.begin();li!=buffer.end();li++,i++) {
    dump[i]=*li;
    if (i>510)
      return 0;
  }
  return(strstr(dump,match)!=0);
}

int BufferedConnection::consume(int handle, int amount) {
  int i,j;
  char sm[2048];
  if (amount>2048) amount=2048;
  //  global.debug("I/O","consume-in");
  while(1) {
    i=read(handle,sm,amount);
    if ((i==0)&&(errno==0)) {
      if (buffer.empty()) {
      close();
      //    global.debug("I/O","consume-out");
      return -1;
      } else {
      if (buffer.back()!='\n')
        buffer.push_back('\n');
      break;
      }
    }
    if (i<=0)
      break;
    for(j=0;j<i;j++) {
      buffer.push_back(sm[j]);
      // cerr << sm[j] << flush;
    }
  }
  //  global.debug("I/O","consume-out");
  return 0;
}

int BufferedConnection::produce(char *tbuffer,int limit,int handle) {
  int i;
  char c;
  list<char>::iterator di;

  for(di=buffer.begin();di!=buffer.end();di++)
    if (*di=='\n')
      break;

  if (di!=buffer.end()) {
    memset(tbuffer,0,limit);
    i=0;
    while(di!=buffer.begin()) {
      c=buffer.front();
      buffer.pop_front();
      if (c>=0x20)
      tbuffer[i++]=c;
    }
    buffer.pop_front();
    global.LogAppend(tbuffer);
    return 0;
  }
  return -1;
}

int BufferedConnection::innerReadLine(char *tbuffer,int limit,int handle) {
  if (consume(handle))
    return -1;
  return(produce(tbuffer,limit,handle));
}

int BufferedConnection::bufferEmpty() {
  list<char>::iterator di;
  for(di=buffer.begin();di!=buffer.end();di++)
    if (*di=='\n')
      return 0;
  return 1;
}

// ===================================================================
// ALTBUFFERED
// ===================================================================

int AltBufferedConnection::innerReadLine(char *tbuffer,int limit,int handle) {
  int i,j;
  char sm[128];
  char c;
  list<char>::iterator di;

  fd_set mine,*mp;
  struct timeval tv; 
  mp=&mine;

  while(1) {
    // do the select thing...
    FD_ZERO(mp);
    FD_SET(handle,mp);
    tv.tv_sec=0;
    tv.tv_usec=20000;

    if (select(handle+1,mp,0,0,&tv)<=0)
      break;

    i=read(handle,sm,128);
    if (i<=0) {
      if (buffer.empty()) {
      close();
      return -1;
      } else {
      if (buffer.back()!='\n')
        buffer.push_back('\n');
      break;
      }
    }
    for(j=0;j<i;j++) {
      buffer.push_back(sm[j]);
      // cerr << sm[j] << flush;
    }
  }

  for(di=buffer.begin();di!=buffer.end();di++)
    if (*di=='\n')
      break;

  if (di!=buffer.end()) {
    memset(tbuffer,0,limit);
    i=0;
    while(di!=buffer.begin()) {
      c=buffer.front();
      buffer.pop_front();
      if (c>=0x20)
      tbuffer[i++]=c;
    }
    global.LogAppend(tbuffer);
    buffer.pop_front();
    return 0;
  }

  return -1;
}

// ===================================================================
// DIRECT
// ===================================================================

DirectConnection::DirectConnection(char *hostname,int port) {
  strcpy(HostName,hostname);
  strcpy(HostAddress,"???");
  Port=port;
  Connected=0;
  strcpy(errorMessage,_("No error."));
}

int DirectConnection::open() {
  char z[128];
  int i;

  if (global.CommLog) {
    char ls[512];
    sprintf(ls,"+ DirectConnection::open(%s,%d)",HostName,Port);
    global.LogAppend(ls);
  }

  sprintf(z,_("Looking up host %s..."),HostName);
  global.status->setText(z,30);
  
  he=gethostbyname(HostName);
  if (he==NULL) {
    sprintf(errorMessage,_("Host not found: %s"),HostName);
    return(-1);
  }

  sprintf(HostAddress,"%d.%d.%d.%d",
        (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][0],
        (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][1],
        (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][2],
        (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][3]);

  netsocket=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);

#ifdef USE_SOCK_OPTS
  int nagle=1;

  #ifdef USE_SOL_TCP
    setsockopt(netsocket,SOL_TCP,TCP_NODELAY,&nagle,sizeof(nagle));
  #elif defined USE_IPPROTO_TCP
    setsockopt(netsocket,IPPROTO_TCP,TCP_NODELAY,&nagle,sizeof(nagle));
  #endif
#endif

  sa.sin_family=he->h_addrtype;
  sa.sin_port=htons(Port);
  memcpy(&sa.sin_addr,he->h_addr_list[0],he->h_length);

  sprintf(z,_("Connecting to %s..."),HostAddress);
  global.status->setText(z,30);

  i=::connect(netsocket,(struct sockaddr *)&sa,sizeof(sa));

  if (i!=0) {
    sprintf(z,_("Connection to %s:%d failed: "),HostName,Port);
    switch(errno) {
    case EBADF:        strcat(z,_("Bad descriptor"));         break;
    case EFAULT:       strcat(z,_("Wrong address space"));    break;
    case ENOTSOCK:     strcat(z,_("Not a socket ?!?"));       break;
    case EISCONN:      strcat(z,_("Already connected ?!?"));  break;
    case ECONNREFUSED: strcat(z,_("Connection refused"));     break;
    case ETIMEDOUT:    strcat(z,_("Timeout"));                break;
    case ENETUNREACH:  strcat(z,_("Network is unreachable")); break;
    case EADDRINUSE:   strcat(z,_("Address already in use")); break;
    case EALREADY:
    case EINPROGRESS:  strcat(z,"EINPROGRESS");           break;
    default:           strcat(z,_("Unknown error"));
    }
    strcpy(errorMessage,z);
    return(-1);
  }
  Connected=1;
  fcntl(netsocket,F_SETFL,O_NONBLOCK);
  sprintf(z,_("Connected to %s (%s)"),HostName,HostAddress);
  global.status->setText(z,300);

  global.getChannels(HostAddress);

  return 0;
}

void DirectConnection::close() {
  shutdown(netsocket,2);
  Connected=0;
}

int DirectConnection::readLine(char *tbuffer,int limit) {
  return(Connected?innerReadLine(tbuffer,limit,netsocket):-1);
}


void DirectConnection::writeLine(char *obuffer) {
  if (Connected) {
    write(netsocket,obuffer,strlen(obuffer));
    write(netsocket,"\n",1);
    if (global.CommLog) {
      char z[4096];
      sprintf(z,"WROTE: %s",obuffer);
      global.LogAppend(z);
    }
  }
}

int DirectConnection::isConnected() {
  return(Connected);
}

char * DirectConnection::getError() {
  return(errorMessage);
}

int DirectConnection::getReadHandle() {
  return(Connected?netsocket:-1);
}

// ===================================================================
// INCOMING CONNECTION (FOR P2P PLAYING)
// ===================================================================

IncomingConnection::IncomingConnection(int port) {
  strcpy(HostName,"localhost");
  strcpy(HostAddress,"???");
  Port = port;
  Connected = 0;
  netsocket = 0;  
  strcpy(errorMessage,_("No error."));
}

/* the first open call on this object only
   creates the socket, binds and listens,
   subsequent calls do a non-blocking accept() */
int IncomingConnection::open() {
  if (Connected) return 0;
  if (!netsocket)
    return(createSocket());
  else
    return(acceptConnection());
}

int IncomingConnection::createSocket() {
  struct sockaddr_in sin;

  netsocket = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
  if (netsocket == -1) {
    strcpy(errorMessage,_("Unable to create socket."));
    return -1;
  }

  memset(&sin, 0, sizeof(sin));
  sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
  sin.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
  sin.sin_port = htons(Port);
    
  if (bind(netsocket,(struct sockaddr *) &sin,sizeof(sin))==-1) {
    sprintf(errorMessage,_("Unable to bind on port %d."),Port);
    return(-1);
  }
  
  fcntl(netsocket,F_SETFL,O_NONBLOCK);
  if (listen(netsocket, 1)!=0) {
    sprintf(errorMessage,"Unable to listen on port %d.",Port);
    return(-1);
  }
  return 0;

}

int IncomingConnection::acceptConnection() {
  int       sock;
  socklen_t addrlen;
  struct    sockaddr_in pin;
  char z[128];

  addrlen = (socklen_t) sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
  sock = accept(netsocket, (struct sockaddr *) &pin, &addrlen);
  
  if (sock == -1) {
    switch(errno) {
    case EAGAIN: strcpy(errorMessage,"Nobody called."); break;
    default:     strcpy(errorMessage,"Something broke."); break;
    }
    return -1;
  }

  strcpy(HostName, inet_ntoa(pin.sin_addr));
  strcpy(HostAddress, HostName);

  ::close(netsocket); /* kill the listening socket */
  netsocket = sock;

  strcpy(errorMessage,_("No error."));
  Connected = 1;

  fcntl(netsocket,F_SETFL,O_NONBLOCK);
  sprintf(z,_("Accepted incoming connection from %s"),HostName);
  global.status->setText(z,300);

  return 0;
}

void IncomingConnection::close() {
  if (Connected) {
    shutdown(netsocket,2);
    Connected=0;
    netsocket=0;
    ::close(netsocket);
  } else {
    ::close(netsocket);
    netsocket=0;
  }
}

int IncomingConnection::readLine(char *tbuffer, int limit) {
  return(Connected?innerReadLine(tbuffer,limit,netsocket):-1);
}

void IncomingConnection::writeLine(char *obuffer) {
  if (Connected) {
    write(netsocket,obuffer,strlen(obuffer));
    write(netsocket,"\n",1);
    if (global.CommLog) {
      char z[4096];
      sprintf(z,"WROTE: %s",obuffer);
      global.LogAppend(z);
    }
  }
}

int  IncomingConnection::isConnected() {
  return(Connected);
}

char * IncomingConnection::getError() {
  return(errorMessage);
}

int IncomingConnection::getReadHandle() {
  return(Connected?netsocket:-1);
}

// ===================================================================
// PIPE
// ===================================================================

PipeConnection::PipeConnection(int _pin,int _pout) {
  pin=_pin;
  pout=_pout;
  pid=0;
  fcntl(pin,F_SETFL,O_NONBLOCK);
  Connected=1;
  strcpy(HostName,"local pipe");
  sprintf(HostAddress,"pipe[%d,%d]",pin,pout);
  Quiet=0;
}

void PipeConnection::init() {
  Connected=0;
  pid=0;
  toid=-1;
  memset(HostName,0,128);
  strcpy(HostAddress,"unknown");
  memset(HelperBin,0,512);
  Quiet=0;
  handshake.erase();
}

PipeConnection::PipeConnection(char *helperbin,char *arg1=0,char *arg2=0,
                         char *arg3=0,char *arg4=0) {
  init();
  opmode=0;
  strncpy(HelperBin,helperbin,511);
  args.push_back(HelperBin);
  if (arg1) args.push_back(arg1);
  if (arg2) args.push_back(arg2);
  if (arg3) args.push_back(arg3);
  if (arg4) args.push_back(arg4);
}

void PipeConnection::setHandshake(char *s) {
  handshake=s;
}

PipeConnection::PipeConnection(char *host,int port, 
                         char *helperbin,char *helpersuffix)
{
  char z[256];
  EboardFileFinder eff;

  init();
  opmode=1;
  Port=port;
  strncpy(HostName,host,128);

  // build helper path
  if (helpersuffix)
    sprintf(z,"%s.%s",helperbin,helpersuffix);
  else
    strcpy(z,helperbin);

  eff.find(z,HelperBin);
}

PipeConnection::~PipeConnection() {
  if (toid>=0)
    gtk_timeout_remove(toid);
  netring.remove(this);
  args.clear();
}

int PipeConnection::isConnected() {
  checkChildren();
  return(Connected);
}

void PipeConnection::checkChildren() {
  pid_t r;
  if (!pid)
    return;
  r=waitpid((pid_t)pid,NULL,WNOHANG);
  if (r>0)
    Connected=0;
}

  // 0 ok, -1 error, msg in getError
int PipeConnection::open() {
  char z[256],firstline[256],*p;
  struct hostent *he;
  int n2h[2], h2n[2];

  char *arguments[6];
  unsigned int i;

  if (Connected)
    return 0;

  if (global.CommLog) {
    char ls[512];
    sprintf(ls,"+ PipeConnection::open(%s)",HelperBin);
    global.LogAppend(ls);
  }

  for(i=0;i<6;i++)
    arguments[i]=0;

  switch(opmode) {
  case 0:
    for(i=0;i<args.size();i++)
      arguments[i]=args[i];
    break;
  case 1:
    sprintf(z,_("Looking up host %s..."),HostName);
    if (!Quiet)
      global.status->setText(z,30);
    he=gethostbyname(HostName);
    if (he==NULL) {
      sprintf(errorMessage,_("Host not found: %s"),HostName);
      return(-1);
    }

    sprintf(HostAddress,"%d.%d.%d.%d",
          (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][0],
          (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][1],
          (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][2],
          (guchar) he->h_addr_list[0][3]);
    
    sprintf(z,_("Connecting to %s..."),HostAddress);
    if (!Quiet)
      global.status->setText(z,30);

    sprintf(z,"%d",Port);
    arguments[0]=HelperBin;
    arguments[1]=HostAddress;
    arguments[2]=z;
    break;
  }

  // step 2: run helper

  if (pipe(n2h)||pipe(h2n)) {
    strcpy(errorMessage,_("IPC pipe creation failed."));
    return -1;    
  }
  signal(SIGPIPE,SIG_IGN);

  pid=fork();
  if (pid < 0) {
    strcpy(errorMessage,_("process creation failed."));
    return -1;
  }
  if (!pid) {
    dup2(n2h[0],0);
    dup2(h2n[1],1);

    ::close(n2h[0]);
    ::close(n2h[1]);
    ::close(h2n[0]);
    ::close(h2n[1]);

    dup2(1,2);

    setpgid(getpid(),0); // to broadcast SIGKILL later
    execvp(HelperBin,arguments);
    write(1,"exec failed\n",12);
    global.debug("exec failed",HelperBin);
    _exit(2); // eek
  } else {

    ::close(n2h[0]);
    ::close(h2n[1]);
    memset(firstline,0,256);
    p=firstline;

    // send xboard/protover before anything else, to handle
    // gnu chess 5.04
    if (! handshake.empty() ) {
      int wr,j,n;
      char hs[256];

      strncpy(hs,handshake.c_str(),255);
      hs[255]=0;
      n=strlen(hs);
      j=0;

      do {
      wr=write(n2h[1],&hs[j],n);
      if (wr<0) break;
      n-=wr;
      j+=wr;
      } while(n);      
    }

    while(1) {
      if (read(h2n[0],p,1)==1) {
      if (*p=='\n') break;
      ++p;
      }

      // should fix splange's crashing bug
      if ( (last_dead_pid == pid) || 
           (waitpid(pid, 0, WNOHANG) != 0) ) {
      last_dead_pid = 0;
      strcpy(errorMessage,_("Program exited too soon"));
      ::close(h2n[0]);
      ::close(n2h[1]);
      return -1;
      }

    }
    *p=0;
    if (!strcmp(firstline,"exec failed")) {
      strcpy(errorMessage,_("Failed to run helper program"));
      ::close(h2n[0]);
      ::close(n2h[1]);
      return -1;
    }
  }
  pin=h2n[0];
  pout=n2h[1];
  Connected=1;
  fcntl(pin,F_SETFL,O_NONBLOCK);
  global.TheOffspring.push_back(-pid);
  netring.add(this,pid);
  global.zombies.add(pid,&netring);

  switch(opmode) {
  case 0:
    strcpy(z,_("Engine running"));
  case 1:
    sprintf(z,_("Connected to %s (%s)"),HostName,HostAddress);
    break;
  }
  if (!Quiet)
    global.status->setText(z,300);

  if (opmode==1)
    global.getChannels(HostAddress);

  return 0;
}

void PipeConnection::close() {
  ::close(pin);
  ::close(pout);
  netring.remove(this);
  if (pid)
    kill(-pid,SIGKILL);
  pid=0;
  Connected=0;
}
  
int PipeConnection::readLine(char *tbuffer,int limit) {
  return(Connected?innerReadLine(tbuffer,limit,pin):-1);
}

void PipeConnection::writeLine(char *obuffer) {
  int ew,rem,ec,tol=0;
  fd_set wfd;
  struct timeval tv;

  FD_ZERO(&wfd);
  FD_SET(pout,&wfd);
  tv.tv_sec=2;
  tv.tv_usec=0;

  if (select(pout+1,0,&wfd,0,&tv)<=0) {
    global.debug("PipeConnection","writeLine","write would block");
    close();
    return;
  }

  //  cerr << "writing [" << obuffer << "]\n";
  
  if (Connected) {
    rem=strlen(obuffer);
    for(ew=0;rem;) {
      ec=write(pout,obuffer+ew,rem);
      if (ec<0) { usleep(50000); ++tol; if (tol==4) break; } else { ew+=ec; rem-=ec; }
    }
    write(pout,"\n",1);
    if (global.CommLog) {
      char z[4096];
      sprintf(z,"WROTE: %s",obuffer);
      global.LogAppend(z);
    }
  }
}

char * PipeConnection::getError() {
  return(errorMessage);
}

void PipeConnection::farewellPid(int dpid) {
  consume(pin,1536);
  netring.remove(this);
  // wait for data on the pipe before shutting down
  toid=gtk_timeout_add(2000,sched_close,(gpointer)this);
}

int PipeConnection::getReadHandle() {
  return(Connected?pin:-1);
}

gboolean sched_close(gpointer data) {
  PipeConnection *pc;
  pc=(PipeConnection *)data;
  pc->close();
  pc->toid=-1;
  pc->sendReadNotify(); // cause disconnection to be detected
  return FALSE;
}

// ===========================================================
// FALLBACK
// ===========================================================

FallBackConnection::FallBackConnection() {
  current=candidates.end();
  Connected=0;
}

FallBackConnection::~FallBackConnection() {
  for(current=candidates.begin();current!=candidates.end();current++)
    delete(*current);
}

void FallBackConnection::append(NetConnection *nc) {
  candidates.push_back(nc);
  if (!Connected)
    current=candidates.begin();
}

int  FallBackConnection::isConnected() {
  if (Connected)
    Connected=(*current)->isConnected();
  return(Connected);
}

int  FallBackConnection::open() {
  int r;

  if (candidates.empty())
    return 0;

  for(current=candidates.begin();current!=candidates.end();current++) {
    r=(*current)->open();
    if (!r) {
      Connected=1;
      strcpy(HostName,(*current)->HostName);
      strcpy(HostAddress,(*current)->HostAddress);
      TimeGuard=(*current)->TimeGuard;
      return 0;
    }
    strcpy(errorMessage,(*current)->getError());
  }
  return -1;  
}

void FallBackConnection::close() {
  if (Connected) {
    (*current)->close();
    Connected=(*current)->isConnected();
  }
}

int  FallBackConnection::readLine(char *tbuffer,int limit) {
  if (Connected)
    return( (*current)->readLine(tbuffer,limit) );
  else
    return -1;
}

void FallBackConnection::writeLine(char *tbuffer) {
  if (Connected)
    (*current)->writeLine(tbuffer);
}

int FallBackConnection::readPartial(char *tbuffer,int limit) {
  if (Connected)
    return( (*current)->readPartial(tbuffer,limit) );
  else
    return -1;
}

int FallBackConnection::bufferMatch(char *match) {
  if (Connected)
    return( (*current)->bufferMatch(match) );
  else
    return 0;
}

char * FallBackConnection::getError() {
  return(errorMessage);
}

int FallBackConnection::getReadHandle() {
  if (Connected)
    return( (*current)->getReadHandle() );
  else
    return -1;
}

void FallBackConnection::notifyReadReady(IONotificationInterface *target) {
  if (Connected)
    (*current)->notifyReadReady(target);
}

void FallBackConnection::sendReadNotify() {
  if (current != candidates.end())
    (*current)->sendReadNotify();
}

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